quarta-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2008
The Brazil from the sixteenth century was the scene of one of the greatest violence against a people. More than two million blacks men were brought from Africa; by the Portuguese colonizers, to become slaves on farms of sugar cane. Whole tribes were subjugated and forced to sail animals in the ocean as large sand eels calls from slave ships.
Pernambuco, Bahia and Rio de Janeiro was the end of most ports of trafficking. Contrary to what many think, the blacks did not accept peacefully the captive, the Brazilian history is full of episodes where the slaves they rebelled against the humiliating situation where been. One of the ways that resistance was the quilombo; communities organized by black fugitives, in places of difficult access. Generally in the highlights of the woods.
The largest of these quilombos it was established in Pernambuco in the seventeenth century, a region known as Palmares. A species of African State was formed. Distributed Mocambos calls in small towns and with a hierarchy in which apex had been the king-Ganga Zombie, Palmares may have been the cradle of onset of Capoeira. Developed to be a defense, Capoeira has been taught to Blacks still captive, for those who were captured and returned to devices. Not to raise suspicions, the movements of the fight were adapted to African singers and songs that seemed to a dance. Thus, as in Candomblé, surrounded by secrets, the Capoeira can to develop as a form of resistance. From farm to the city to Capoeira won the malice of the slaves 'gain' and visitors the port area. In the city of Salvador, capoeiristas organized into gangs provoked street riot at parties popular and reinforced the marginal character of the fight. For decades the Capoeira was banned in Brazil.
The release of his practice took place only in the decade of 30, when a variation of Capoeira (more for the sport of that cultural event) was presented to the then president, Getulio Vargas. From then until now perfected the Capoeira Angola is keeping in Bahia loyalty to the traditions, mainly thanks to his great guru, Master Pastinha who played Capoeira until the 79 years, training generations of angoleiros.
The Capoeira Angola has a relatively small number of scams that may nonetheless achieve a harmonious complexity through its variations. As the music has only seven notes.
Its main scams are: head, Rasteira, Rabo de Arraia, front plate, plate Costas, Half Moon and Slash of hand.
The Capoeira is the only way to fight martial which is accompanied by musical instruments. This is basically their origins between the slaves, who thus disguising the practice of fighting one species of dance, you are cheating and ingenuity of the master-of-kill. In early this monitoring was done only with touches of palms and drums. It was subsequently introduced the Berimbau (photo), an instrument composed of a rod tensioned by a wire, with the box resonance cut a gourd. The sound is obtained impacted by a nail No wire, you can vary the sound is muffled the sound of the gourd and (or) encostando a currency of copper wire in, supplementing the instrument Caxixi, a wicker basket with dried seeds inside.
The Berimbau, an instrument originally used by sellers itinerant to attract patrons, became a symbol of the instrument Poultry, leading the game with its unique timbre. The rhythms are in torque bar and movements - slow, moderate and are fast indicated by the ringing of the Berimbau. Among the best known are the San Benedict Grande, the St. Benedict Small (faster), Angola, Santa Maria, the touch of Cavalry (which served to warn the arrival of the police), the Amazon and the Iuna.
In a wheel of angoleiros rhythmic complete the set consists of three berimbaus (a serious - Gunga, a middle and an acute - Viola), two tambourines; a reco-reco, a Agogô and a conga drum. The music part is litanies which are still sung in chorus and repeated by everyone on the wheel.
A good capoeirista is obliged to learn to play and sing the themes of Capoeira.
"Capoeira is a dialogue of bodies, I outsmart when my partner has no more answers to my questions" - Mestre Moraes. The game of Capoeira in friendly manner, ie on the wheel is truly a dialogue of bodies. Two capoeiristas if bless the foot of the Berimbau and begin a slow ballet of questions and answers body, until a third 'buy the game' and thus takes place successively until all entering the wheel.
Basic element of Capoeira Angola, the malice or Mandingo makes it even more dangerous. This malandragem that makes and will not go, cut up and back quickly, that swings the body that fools the opponent makes the difference in Capoeira in relation to other martial arts. This is a feature that you learn not only coaching.
Vicente Ferreira Pastinha (1889-1982) - Master Pastinha, "master of Capoeira Angola and the warmth of Bahia, is of high civilization, man of the people with all its maliciousness, is one of its illustrious, one of his Obas, its heads. It is the first in their art; lord of agility and courage ... " Jorge Amado. Bahia de Salvador, the Pelourinho, Pastinha was the grand master of Capoeira Angola, perfecting the art centenary of slaves. He organized a school established a teaching method based on the old traditions and even wrote the first book of this genre, which sets out his design philosophy. It was with the Master Pastinha who introduced the colors were yellow and black for the uniform of angoleiros and the battery composed of three berimbaus, two tambourines, a conga drum, a recognized and recommended a Agogô. "Capoeira is everything the mouth eat," he said in his natural philosophy. Capoeiristas formed as Big John, Little John, Curie and many others.
Joao Pereira dos Santos
Master Little John
Master student of Pastinha and one of the oldest and most important masters of Capoeira Angola in activity. The academy of Master Little John, in the historic center of Salvador, spent some of the main angoleiros the new generation. You can see it almost every night playing and teaching the traditional art of Capoeira. Academy of Capoeira Angola of Master Little John Center for Popular Culture Forte de Santo Antonio - San Antonio addition of Caramel Salvador - Bahia
|Wheel of Capoeira|
Extracted from the original site in Portuguese:
terça-feira, 9 de dezembro de 2008
segunda-feira, 1 de dezembro de 2008
sábado, 22 de novembro de 2008
Este blogger foi criado, em 12 de novembro de 2008, para divulgar várias localidades dentro do estado da Bahia, tendo como foco principal, dentre as várias informações a serem postadas, sua capital (Salvador).
O seu conteúdo será atualizado constantemente.
A divulgação do endereço do blogger, Bahia World (http://bahiaworld.blogspot.com/), tem alcance mundial. Os primeiros países a tomar conhecimento do blogger foram:
América do Sul: Brasil (Bahia, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pará, Rio Grande do Sul e Pernambuco)
América do Norte: EUA (Flórida, New York e New Jersay)
África: Gana(Accra); Nigéria (Lagos, Abuja); Cabo Verde (Ilha de Santiago)
Europa: Reino Unido (Londres); Portugal (Lisboa); Alemanha (Berlim e Munique)
Eurásia: Rússia: (Moscow e Omsk)
Oceânia: Australia (Sydney)
Ásia: China (Beijin)
Obs.: Esta lista de países é atualizada na medida em que expandimos nossa divulgação