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segunda-feira, 1 de março de 2010

sexta-feira, 12 de dezembro de 2008

Axé Music

 

quarta-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2008

Capoeira Demonstration


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The Brazil from the sixteenth century was the scene of one of the greatest violence against a people. More than two million blacks men were brought from Africa; by the Portuguese colonizers, to become slaves on farms of sugar cane. Whole tribes were subjugated and forced to sail animals in the ocean as large sand eels calls from slave ships.

Pernambuco, Bahia and Rio de Janeiro was the end of most ports of trafficking. Contrary to what many think, the blacks did not accept peacefully the captive, the Brazilian history is full of episodes where the slaves they rebelled against the humiliating situation where been. One of the ways that resistance was the quilombo; communities organized by black fugitives, in places of difficult access. Generally in the highlights of the woods.

The largest of these quilombos it was established in Pernambuco in the seventeenth century, a region known as Palmares. A species of African State was formed. Distributed Mocambos calls in small towns and with a hierarchy in which apex had been the king-Ganga Zombie, Palmares may have been the cradle of onset of Capoeira. Developed to be a defense, Capoeira has been taught to Blacks still captive, for those who were captured and returned to devices. Not to raise suspicions, the movements of the fight were adapted to African singers and songs that seemed to a dance. Thus, as in Candomblé, surrounded by secrets, the Capoeira can to develop as a form of resistance. From farm to the city to Capoeira won the malice of the slaves 'gain' and visitors the port area. In the city of Salvador, capoeiristas organized into gangs provoked street riot at parties popular and reinforced the marginal character of the fight. For decades the Capoeira was banned in Brazil.

The release of his practice took place only in the decade of 30, when a variation of Capoeira (more for the sport of that cultural event) was presented to the then president, Getulio Vargas. From then until now perfected the Capoeira Angola is keeping in Bahia loyalty to the traditions, mainly thanks to his great guru, Master Pastinha who played Capoeira until the 79 years, training generations of angoleiros.

 

 

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Elements of Capoeira Angola

Already the Master Pastinha said, "Capoeira Angola is, first of all, fight and fight violence." But now the Capoeira is usually practiced as a sport or simply to perservar folklore traditions.

It is clear that among the serious athletes in training, the blows are only simulated and Capoeira becomes a physical and mental exercise.

The violence of their blows, however, leaves no room for middle ground, or playing Capoeira is' real ', with its serious consequences or just simulating it is a game. The ability to fit it rules in sports is nonexistent; who does so is frivolous or not in fact know the Capoeira.

The Scam

The Capoeira Angola has a relatively small number of scams that may nonetheless achieve a harmonious complexity through its variations. As the music has only seven notes.

Its main scams are: head, Rasteira, Rabo de Arraia, front plate, plate Costas, Half Moon and Slash of hand.

 

The Music

The Capoeira is the only way to fight martial which is accompanied by musical instruments. This is basically their origins between the slaves, who thus disguising the practice of fighting one species of dance, you are cheating and ingenuity of the master-of-kill. In early this monitoring was done only with touches of palms and drums. It was subsequently introduced the Berimbau (photo), an instrument composed of a rod tensioned by a wire, with the box resonance cut a gourd. The sound is obtained impacted by a nail No wire, you can vary the sound is muffled the sound of the gourd and (or) encostando a currency of copper wire in, supplementing the instrument Caxixi, a wicker basket with dried seeds inside.


The Berimbau, an instrument originally used by sellers itinerant to attract patrons, became a symbol of the instrument Poultry, leading the game with its unique timbre. The rhythms are in torque bar and movements - slow, moderate and are fast indicated by the ringing of the Berimbau. Among the best known are the San Benedict Grande, the St. Benedict Small (faster), Angola, Santa Maria, the touch of Cavalry (which served to warn the arrival of the police), the Amazon and the Iuna.


In a wheel of angoleiros rhythmic complete the set consists of three berimbaus (a serious - Gunga, a middle and an acute - Viola), two tambourines; a reco-reco, a Agogô and a conga drum. The music part is litanies which are still sung in chorus and repeated by everyone on the wheel. 
A good capoeirista is obliged to learn to play and sing the themes of Capoeira.

 

The Game

"Capoeira is a dialogue of bodies, I outsmart when my partner has no more answers to my questions" - Mestre Moraes. The game of Capoeira in friendly manner, ie on the wheel is truly a dialogue of bodies. Two capoeiristas if bless the foot of the Berimbau and begin a slow ballet of questions and answers body, until a third 'buy the game' and thus takes place successively until all entering the wheel.

The Malice

Basic element of Capoeira Angola, the malice or Mandingo makes it even more dangerous. This malandragem that makes and will not go, cut up and back quickly, that swings the body that fools the opponent makes the difference in Capoeira in relation to other martial arts. This is a feature that you learn not only coaching.

Masters

Vicente Ferreira Pastinha (1889-1982) - Master Pastinha, "master of Capoeira Angola and the warmth of Bahia, is of high civilization, man of the people with all its maliciousness, is one of its illustrious, one of his Obas, its heads. It is the first in their art; lord of agility and courage ... " Jorge Amado. Bahia de Salvador, the Pelourinho, Pastinha was the grand master of Capoeira Angola, perfecting the art centenary of slaves. He organized a school established a teaching method based on the old traditions and even wrote the first book of this genre, which sets out his design philosophy. It was with the Master Pastinha who introduced the colors were yellow and black for the uniform of angoleiros and the battery composed of three berimbaus, two tambourines, a conga drum, a recognized and recommended a Agogô. "Capoeira is everything the mouth eat," he said in his natural philosophy. Capoeiristas formed as Big John, Little John, Curie and many others.

Antonio Carlos Moraes
Master Caiçara

One of the legends of Capoeira, its story seems taken from books of fiction. At a time when the pillory was not the glamor of today, Master Caiçara dictated the rules in a territory of prostitutes and pimps, traffickers and of malandros. Everyone had to ask his blessing. Burned one of the main disk of Capoeira Angola which exemplifies the various touches of berimbau, in addition to singing sambas and litanies of wheel. He died in August 1997.

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Joao Pereira dos Santos
Master Little John

Master student of Pastinha and one of the oldest and most important masters of Capoeira Angola in activity. The academy of Master Little John, in the historic center of Salvador, spent some of the main angoleiros the new generation. You can see it almost every night playing and teaching the traditional art of Capoeira. Academy of Capoeira Angola of Master Little John Center for Popular Culture Forte de Santo Antonio - San Antonio addition of Caramel Salvador - Bahia

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Joao dos Santos Oliveira
Grand Master John

Phd Honoris Causa. One of the main disciple of the master Pastinha. For over 40 years the Grand Master John has practiced and taught Capoeira Angola. He traveled to Africa, Europe and North America, where he currently teaches in his academy in the city of New York. From there he continues maintaining exchanges with the Bahia and tracking the movement of the Brazilian Association of Capoeira Angola.

 

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  Wheel of Capoeira  

 

Extracted from the original site in Portuguese:

http://www.abrasoffa.org.br/folclore/danfesfol/capoeira.htm

terça-feira, 9 de dezembro de 2008

Lembramos a todos os AGENTES sobre a necessidade do preenchimento da sua GRADE DE HORAS DEDICADAS no Agent Center até a quinta-feira de cada semana.....Caso isto não seja cumprido seu login poderá ser bloqueado

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segunda-feira, 1 de dezembro de 2008

Fly by Gol Airlines

 

Dike of Tororó of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

 

 

  
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Sacred lake

For fans of Candomblé the dike of Tororo is one of the addresses of Oxum, ORISHA fresh water, lakes and fountains. In December many mothers tend to deposit in the holy lake baskets of flowers and gifts in honor of ORISHA. On Tuesdays, the children of Ogum the dam will also make their prayers and offerings. To honor the site, considered a sanctuary, the plastic Tati Moreno made a number of sculptures of deities. Eight of them are inside of water: Ogum (god of iron and war), Oxóssi (god of forests and hunting), Shango (god of thunder and lightning), I wish (the father of all deities), Iemanjá (goddess the sea and mother of deities), Oxum (goddess of rivers, lakes and fountains), Nana (the oldest of the deities) and Iansã (the goddess of war and storms). The sculptures are in a wheel in the position where the sons of the saint embedded ORISHA usually dance in terraces of Candomblé. At the center of the wheel is a source with a blast from 40 meters in height.
 

Dike of Tororó


Sacred for fans of Candomblé, who make offerings to deities in their waters, and preferred area of leisure in Salvador, the dam of Tororo, on Avenida Vasco da Gama, is considered one of the most important natural springs in the city. Overturned by the National Historical and Artistic Heritage, the dike has 110 square meters of mirror and a water area of 25 square meters in the surrounding area, where they are distributed recreational equipment for all ages. In 1998, he was fully recovered and revitalized, making it also one of the postcards of the Bahian capital. 
In the dike is one of the main points of recreational fishing in Salvador. In the lake are offered other options for fun and skate to practice rowing, paddle boat and kayak tours of traditional and crossing by boat from a room to the other. The crossing in boats stylized was one of the ways people move around the city before any avenues of the valley. Currently, the wooden boats are one of the attractions of the dike. 
In addition to the leisure inside of water, around the dike of Tororo there are various options such as playgrounds, jogging track and gym equipment. Drinking fountains, toilets, two restaurants and kiosks for sale of sweets, ice cream, Acarajé, coconut water and magazines complete the infrastructure of the site. In dike happen also cultural events and presentations of plays as the Passion of Christ during Holy Week.

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In the mid-nineteenth century, the government of the province of Bahia built the streets of Vala (current JJ Seabra), channeling the river of guts in the stretch of barroquinha and doing away of the former Dutch lake. Already the dam of Tororo was gradually being grounded from 40 years of the twentieth century, when they began to open avenues of the first valley in Salvador (Vasco da Gama, Castelo Branco and Vale of barrels). At that time the stadium was built Otávio Mangabeira, better known as Estadio da Fonte Nova. He took one of the areas that formerly were inundated by the waters of the dam.

 

Dam of Dutch

The Dutch were the first to build a dam in El Salvador. During the invasion of 1624 they dam the river of casings with the intention of preventing the defense of the city by Portuguese soldiers, who wanted to attack them at the east side. The lake was formed by two dams: one near the convent of Caramel and the other near the monastery of St. Benedict. In the eighteenth century, was built beside the dam of Dutch (which was located where today is the Lower Shoe Repair of) a new dam called Tororo. Formed by the impoundment of the river Luca, was extended from the vicinity of Cagayan to the vicinity of the Fort Barbalho. The author of the work is unknown, but the intention, according to some historians, was flooded and inaccessible to the wide valley.

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sábado, 22 de novembro de 2008

Nossa Motivação

 

Este blogger foi criado, em 12 de novembro de 2008, para divulgar várias localidades dentro do estado da Bahia, tendo como foco principal, dentre as várias informações a serem postadas, sua capital (Salvador).

O seu conteúdo será atualizado constantemente.

A divulgação do endereço do blogger, Bahia World (http://bahiaworld.blogspot.com/), tem alcance mundial. Os primeiros países a tomar conhecimento do blogger foram:

América do Sul: Brasil (Bahia, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pará, Rio Grande do Sul e Pernambuco)

América do Norte: EUA (Flórida, New York e New Jersay)

África: Gana(Accra); Nigéria (Lagos, Abuja); Cabo Verde (Ilha de Santiago)

Europa: Reino Unido (Londres); Portugal (Lisboa); Alemanha (Berlim e Munique)

Eurásia: Rússia: (Moscow e Omsk)

Oceânia: Australia (Sydney)

Ásia: China (Beijin)

Obs.: Esta lista de países é atualizada na medida em que expandimos nossa divulgação